The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the U.S. Virgin Islands increased by 11, from six to 17, the V.I. Department of Health reported Sunday evening.
According to DOH, there are nine confirmed cases on St. Croix and eight in the St. Thomas-St. John District.
There has also been an increase in “community transmission,” so called because they were contracted in the community from another person who has the virus. On Friday the department announced the first such transmission, on St. Croix. Sunday’s report indicated another three – all on St. Thomas.
Another 55 tests have been reported back as negative – 18 on St. Croix, 35 on St. Thomas and two on St. John. Another two tests are pending, one each on St. Croix and St. Thomas.
One of the latest St. Croix confirmed cases was a Limetree Bay contractor who has not recently traveled outside of St. Croix and has been quarantined. This marks the first case of “community transmission” of COVID-19 on St. Croix. Epidemiologists have conducted contact tracing as a part of their routine investigation process with the support of Limetree Bay staff. All contacts of the Limetree Bay case, inside Limetree Bay, are also being quarantined. This confirms that there is person-to-person spread in both districts and underscores the importance of social distancing.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says, “Community spread means people have been infected with the virus in an area, including some who are not sure how or where they became infected.” Social distancing, according to the CDC, is “remaining out of congregate settings, avoiding mass gatherings and maintaining distance [six to 10 feet] from others when possible.”
Persons Under Investigation Update (74 cumulative total):
- Positive: 17 (9 STX; 8 STT)
- STX: 8 travel-related; 1 community transmission
- STT: 5 travel-related; 3 community transmission
- Negative: 55 (18 STX; 35 STT; 2 STJ)
- Pending: 2 (1 STX; 1 STT)
Health officials, in collaboration with other agencies, have been closely monitoring the global outbreak and building capacity to prevent the spread of the disease in the territory and to respond to positive cases.
The department’s Epidemiology Division continues to provide testing for cases that meet the Persons Under Investigation (PUI) criteria, conduct contact tracing and assist health care providers and the public with up-to-date education as to what to do to prevent additional cases.
While the risk of severe illness for most is low, the risk for transmission is high and precautions must still be taken to avoid widespread transmission within our community. A person may also get COVID-19 by touching a surface that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose or eyes.
To avoid COVID-19 and help prevent its spread, Department of Health officials recommend the following steps:
- Limit socializing and close contact with others, as persons without symptoms can still transmit the virus.
- While sick, avoid contact with others.
- Avoid persons with cold or flu-like symptoms.
- Stay home if you are sick.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or sneezing and discard the tissue. Wash your hands immediately. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
- Clean and disinfect surfaces and objects that may be contaminated with germs.
- Wash your hands often with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub with at least 60 percent alcohol.
COVID-19 symptoms reported include fever, cough and shortness of breath. It spreads mostly between people who are in close contact via respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Persons who have contracted COVID-19 are most likely to spread it when they are most symptomatic. This means they are more likely to spread it to others when they are sick.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention currently recommends avoiding non-essential travel to any location as well as no cruise ship travel. Postponing vacations to the territory will also lessen the impact of COVID-19 on our small community. If you are returning home to the USVI, you must quarantine for 14 days and self-monitor your symptoms. Older adults and those with underlying health issues are particularly vulnerable and should avoid crowded places and non-essential air travel to decrease their risk for virus transmission.
If you are experiencing symptoms like a cough, fever, shortness of breath and have traveled anywhere in the last 14 days or have had contact with a confirmed case please self-quarantine and call 340-712-6299 or 340-776-1519 from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m. Monday through Sunday.
These phone numbers are only to be used if you meet the criteria above and suspect you may have the virus. You will be given instructions on what to do next and that may include isolating yourself from others.
If you have a medical emergency, call 911.